As the climate continues to warm at an alarming rate, experts warn if dramatic steps to mitigate global warming are not taken, the effects in Canada’s Prairie region will be devastating to the country’s agriculture sector.
According to the World Bank, the number of people in poverty will climb from 68 million to 132 million by 2030 because of climate change. The existence of global poverty is common knowledge, but many of us remain unaware of the leading cause. Climate change is the culprit of the devastating droughts and natural disasters that have created lasting effects on poverty levels worldwide. The consequences of climate change include food shortages, water shortages, loss of shelter, and a loss of livelihood, each of which are defining factors of poverty.
Climate change has consequences for food production worldwide, both in terms of crop yields and food prices. In the worst-case climate scenario of a 4°C warming, an extra 55 million people would be forced to endure hunger – a 45% increase compared to the situation without climate change- with the global South hit the hardest. Protectionist trade policies under this scenario could increase this number to as many as 73 million adversely impacted, whereas the elimination of trade barriers could reduce the number of people impacted to 20 million people.